ENCOUNTER KILLINGS: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO VICTIMS OF POLICE BRUTALITIES AND ENCOUNTERS
Police brutality violates right to life and liberty. This abuse can either be verbal or physical to the extent of killing amounting to police misconduct. Encounter killing under the umbrella head of police brutalities is a crime committed by the agency which is supposed to maintain law and order in the state. ‘Encounter killing’ can be defined as an occurrence between the accused criminal and civil security forces which result in the killing of the criminal. Encounter killings violate the human right to fair trial and audi alteram partem of victims. In an encounter the police not only take law into its own hands but also tend to twist the facts in a manner where they are let-go without any accountability of the crime. This results in the failure of the criminal justice system. The paper raises questions about the compensatory aspect of police excesses and encounter killings. It is a doctrinal research. The primary sources of data collection are statues. Secondary data like, book, reports, case laws have been utilized. The study is a comprehensive analysis of the compensatory facet of violation of the fundamental right to life. It is comprehensive analysis of the landmark judgements to the current ones where compensation has been provided. The study also deals with a brief analysis on encounter killings and rule of law but is limited to the physical excesses of power committed by police officials..