IS AI-BASED SURVEILLANCE AND FACIAL RECOGNITION TECHNOLOGY DEVALUING HUMAN RIGHTS?
Innovations in Artificial Intelligence technology have demonstrated great potential to advance the society by alleviating some of the world’s most significant problems, which is a way forward towards the attainment of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. These technological advancements enable mass surveillance by the State to track, monitor, and digitally surveil its citizens through facial recognition technology. As facial recognition systems are rapidly proliferating, its propensity to unjustifiably interfere with human rights, such as privacy, data protection, equality and non-discrimination further escalates. In consideration of the fact that Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology has not yet attained its highest level of advancement, this paper aims to study the impact of AI-based surveillance and facial recognition technology on human rights at present and its potential impact in the future. Based on doctrinal research, this paper analyses the positive and negative impact of deployment of AI technology in the European Union and India upon human rights. This paper evaluates the governance of AI technology through existing laws in the EU from a human rights perspective. It is highly imperative for India to formulate an AI governance mechanism to protect against abuse of human rights. Drawing from the best practices of EU, this paper suggests some considerations relevant for formulating a regulatory or policy framework for AI-based surveillance in India.