Embelia ribes Burm F. (Vai Vidanga)- An Overview
The huge scandent shrub Embelia ribes Burm F. belongs to the Myrsinaceae family and is found across India. False black pepper or Vai Vidanga are two common names for it. E. ribes are found in India's central and lower Himalayas, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh; it grows in semi-evergreen and deciduous forests at altitudes of 1,500 meters. Embelin, unstable oil, fixed oil, sap, tannin, and phenolic acids are all found in the berries of the Embelia ribes plant. It's used to treat antibacterial, anti-fertility, anti-protozoal, stomach problems, lung illnesses, constipation, indigestion, fungal infections, mouth ulcers, sore throats, pneumonia, heart disease, and obesity, as well as analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant properties. The seed can be kept in gunny bags after harvesting in a dry, low-moisture environment.