Prevalence of Theileriosis in Buffaloes at Government and Private Farms in Tehsil Paharpur, Dera Ismail Khan
Theileriosis in livestock is one of the major constraints to the development of livestock enterprise in Pakistan and in most parts of the world. The disease causing agent is transmitted by Ixodid ticks and has complicated life cycle. Prominent signs exhibited by cattle and buffaloes are; anorexia, pyrexia, enlarged lymph nodes (lymphadenitis), occulonasal discharges and diarrhea. The study was conducted to determine the prevalence of theileriosis in buffaloes in different government and private farms at Tehsil Paharpur of District Dera Ismail Khan. For this purpose, the animals belonged to different age and sex groups were screened and a total of 360 blood samples were collected from the buffaloes in which 3.33% overall prevalence was recorded. Prevalence at government and private farms was 0 and 4%, respectively. A higher infection rate was found in females (3.19%) as compared to males with 2.43% (Table 3). The observed infection rate among different age groups of buffaloes was Non-significant (p<.05) revealing 4.16% (3-4 years), followed by 3.29% (>4 years) and 1.78% (<2 years).