A Governance Index Modelling Of Public Sector Institutional Capacities For Modern Agriculture And Climate Compatible Development
Institutional capacities refer to inherent characteristics that empower actors to respond to short and long term impacts. A vast majority of agricultural economies are in the developing phase where government departments have inadequate technological, financial and human resource capacities to cope with the challenges of climate change in 21st century. Policies and strategies designed in response to vulnerabilities focus on modern climate compatible and smart agriculture practices based on the “triple-win” approach. Modern farming offers solutions based on ‘climate smart agriculture (CSA)’ practices by ensuring food security, enhancing resilience and reducing greenhouse gases. Government line departments are key actors with a significant role in CSA and their capacities need to be up to the mark. Like other developing countries, the agriculture sector in Pakistan is also at high risk due to high climate vulnerability index and low capacities to cope with the challenge. This paper aimed at assessing the capacity of line government departments in the agriculture sector of Pakistan by developing and employing an innovative mix-method governance analysis model. It combines principles, criteria and indicators along-with integration of MCDA’s SMART for cross-section data collected through 340 KIIs and 17 FGDs. Analysis model proved well to answer the question ‘whether capacity of the line departments involved in agriculture governance is adequate to achieve the target of SDGs 2, 13, 14, and 15 for climate compatible development?’ Statistically validated empirical results reveal that the existing capacity of line government departments is not adequate to deal with the agenda of climate compatible development in the agriculture sector of Pakistan.