Food Security and Community Economic Strengthening Model Based On the Utilization of Homeland in Lhok Nga Village, Bi-reun, Aceh Indonesia
The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze in-depth the economic reality of the people of Lhok Nga Village, Kutabalang District, Bireun Regency, Aceh Province whose economy tends to be stable despite the Covid-19 outbreak. This study used a qualitative research method with snowball sampling techniques that obtained rolling data. This study relies on field data obtained from several informants through interviews, direct observation, and documentation, and literature study related to the research object under study. This research is able to explain that the model of strengthening the rural community's economy and food security by utilizing the house yard can be started from the initiative of the central, regional, and village governments by providing financial and non-financial motivation to encourage groups or villagers to use their yards for agriculture. Agricultural produce in the yard of the house can be used to meet daily needs, both for personal use and for sale. If the results are sold, it will have an impact on the family economy. Increasing the family economy in a village will have an impact on the regional economy. If the house yard is used as agricultural land, it can drive the national economy. The existing model can be improved with serious assistance from the village government by learning from Lhok Nga Village, Kutablang District, Bireun District, Aceh Province. Indeed, this research still has many weaknesses because it is conducted qualitatively so that the quantitative impact cannot be shown in real terms. The researcher suggests the next researcher be able to do it quantitatively by using multiplier impact analysis. This research contributes to strengthening the community's economy and a model of food security based on land use in home yards.